This study was intended to evaluate the relationship between state stay-at-home orders and risk reduction behaviors and mental distress amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Between March 19 and March 31, 2020, a nationally representative survey of 1,094 American adults used to compare risk-reduction behaviors and mental distress in states with and without orders. Researchers investigated the risk reduction behaviors such as handwashing, wearing a face mask and social distancing, and mental distress via the four-item version of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-4). The data revealed that stay-at-home orders were associated with a differential increase in risk-reduction behaviors. It was highlighted that people's mental distress rose in the first week under the order and dropped afterward. The data implies that the residents were responsive to orders.
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